Posted by: Dr. Breffni Lennon | July 5, 2012

Lessons UNlearned: How the UN and Member States must do more to end resource-fuelled conflict

This 2010 Global Witness report draws from its experience in Angola, Cambodia, DRC, Liberia, Sierra Leone and Sudan, all countries that continue to suffer disproportionately from the “resource curse”. It promotes a range of strategies towards “improving the operational effectiveness of UN bodies and Member States with respect to sanctions, peacemaking, peacekeeping and peacebuilding. These recommendations are focused on disrupting trade that fuels armed violence, demilitarising control of natural resources, and strengthening natural resource governance” (Global Wirness, 2010).

They include:

• Establishment of a mechanism to support the monitoring of sanctions
• Creation of a system for reporting on due diligence measures undertaken by companies sourcing natural resources from conflict zones
• Establishment of operational guidelines for peacekeepers on how to address illicit natural resource exploitation
• Prioritisation of natural resource governance in international peacebuilding operations.

Their report can be accessed here.

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